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Accueil du site > Production scientifique > Vibrational signatures of gaseous Meisenheimer complexes bonded at carbon and nitrogen

Vibrational signatures of gaseous Meisenheimer complexes bonded at carbon and nitrogen

Date de publication: 1er juillet 2017

B. Chiavarino ; M. E. Crestoni ; S. Fornarini
Int. J. Mass Spectrom. 418 173-179 (2017). DOI

Travail réalisé sur le site de l’Université Paris Sud.

Abstract

Anionic adducts of 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene (TNB) with deprotonated pyrrolidine (Pyr), imidazole (Im), acetone (Ac) and acetylacetone (Acac) have been delivered into the gas phase by electrospray ionization. The so-formed ions, TNB-Nu− (Nu = Pyr, Im, Ac, Acac), have been interrogated by IRMPD spectroscopy in the fingerprint range. DFT calculations at B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level have been performed for a survey of candidate structures. All adducts conform to anionic σ-complexes (Meisenheimer complexes). The symmetric stretching modes of the nitro groups yield a dominant vibrational signature at 1200–1250 cm−1, the red-shift with respect to the degenerate frequency of 1367 cm−1 in neutral TNB reflecting the extent of negative charge delocalization. The enol complexes TNB-Ac− and TNB-Acac− are largely represented by C-bonded species.