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Accueil du site > Production scientifique > Gas-phase doubly charged complexes of cyclic peptides with copper in +1, +2 and +3 formal oxidation states : formation, structures and electron capture dissociation

Gas-phase doubly charged complexes of cyclic peptides with copper in +1, +2 and +3 formal oxidation states : formation, structures and electron capture dissociation

Date de publication: 20 février 2012

C. Afonso, J.-C. Tabet, G. Giorgi, F. Turecek
J. Mass Spectrom. 47 208 (2012). DOI

Travail réalisé sur le site de l’Université Pierre et Marie Curie.

Abstract

Copper complexes with a cyclic D-His-β-Ala-L-His-L-Lys and all-L-His-β-Ala-His-Lys peptides were generated by electrospray which were doubly charged ions that had different formal oxidation states of Cu(I), Cu(II) and Cu(III) and different protonation states of the peptide ligands. Electron capture dissociation showed no substantial differences between the D-His and L-His complexes. All complexes underwent peptide cross-ring cleavages upon electron capture. The modes of ring cleavage depended on the formal oxidation state of the Cu ion and peptide protonation. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations, using the B3LYP with an effective core potential at Cu and M06-2X functionals, identified several precursor ion structures in which the Cu ion was threecoordinated to pentacoordinated by the His and Lys side-chain groups and the peptide amide or enolimine groups. The electronic structure of the formally Cu(III) complexes pointed to an effective Cu(I) oxidation state with the other charge residing in the peptide ligand. The relative energies of isomeric complexes of the [Cu(c-HAHK + H)]2+ and [Cu(c-HAHK − H)]2+ type with closed electronic shells followed similar orders when treated by the B3LYP and M06-2X functionals. Large differences between relative energies calculated by these methods were obtained for open-shell complexes of the [Cu(c-HAHK)]2+ type. Charge reduction resulted in lowering the coordination numbers for some Cu complexes that depended on the singlet or triplet spin state being formed. For [Cu(c-HAHK − H)]2+ complexes, solution H/D exchange involved only the N–H protons, resulting in the exchange of up to seven protons, as established by ultra-high mass resolution measurements. Contrasting the experiments, DFT calculations found the lowest energy structures for the gas-phase ions that were deprotonated at the peptide Cα positions.